The day in he life of a Art and Antique Broker

 

 

 
 
 
 
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 The day in the life of a Art and Antique Broker “No I am not dressed like this every day “
 
As any one in the Fine Arts and Antiques Business , I think we all agree , no two days are ever the same . Operating a
On Line retail business and selling on a International Scale .

Unlike a ” Brick and Mortal Gallery” , we reach out and sell via Cyber Space unlike a physical gallery where you never know who may walked in , if you are fortunate to be in New York City  London , Paris or other better known Galleries Districts .

Over the Years we have sold to private collectors , dealers that are ” Major Players ” in their chosen areas of expertise and leading Museums globally and many notable public collections .

The joy of sharing that appreciation of beautiful  created by artisans   Fine Art , Porcelains d’ Art and other fine hand crafted items with others are indeed among the many joys of this profession .

Is this a Profession or Obsession , which ever you wish to call it !


I think every one from one time to another often wondered , if such loved items surviving for hundreds of years and have been collected , cherish , love and passed through time , ” What tales they could share with us as collectors and hopeless romantics  perhaps” !

All through history ,the Upper classes followed the collecting- appreciation trends of the Royal families and the Nobility . So Many of the Early Masters were in fact patronized by them . The list included Rembrandt , Durer, Goya, among many artists The decorative arts included Meissen , Nymphemberg . Later in the British Isles Porcelains were patronized by the Royal family , where Derby became ” Royal Crown Derby ” Worcester become “Royal Crown Worcester ” .

Even with the ” Royal Patronization ” from many others did not capitalized on the ” Royal added to the Name of the Manufacture ” but were supplying ware to the Rich and the Royal Family and the Titled Crowd . Some included Wedgwood , Minton , Herend .(Herend was used-collected by both Queen Victoria and the Later Princess Diana .

Crystal were supplied to the Royals and Nobility were Baccarat perhaps the oldest , In the UK and the British Isles and North America  Waterford Graced the private homes , The White House first with John F. Kennedy and Ronald Reagan “Biscuit Jar ” were the container for the Jelly Beans , Light Fixtures in Lincoln Center and so many more .


The Middle Class says ” Champagne Taste and a Beer
Budget “

We have been asked to share a couple of our most unusual days in the life of a Art and Antique Broker with our readers .
We recently were fortunate to work with a leading Museum in the North East on brokerage of a lovely Reginald Marsh etched work “Shave and A Hair Cut ” which was a great pleasure .

One Loving son (  of a Wedgwood Collector ) Purchased a Wedgwood Campaign Urn for the ashes of his late Mother and we shipped this over night to the mortuary … I will admit i will never look at these Urns the same ever again .

Yes we have sold these and others for the Final resting place for the Family’s Most Loved Pet .

Perhaps one of our best surprises most recently is , the sale of a Sterling Silver Card Case , Purchased by a Footman for the Royal Family at Buckingham Palace . Lets admit it is NOT Every day , you sell and ship   a parcel to Buckingham Palace .

If the Card Case could talk . It was circa 1940’s in the Art Deco Style found it way into a Miami Flee Market in the 1980’s and sold by the owner and now a part of the life of a ” Royal Footman ” at Buckingham Palace .

In life if you are fortunate , No two days are ever the same


Only If these items could talk , have tales they could tell…. Please do take a tour of the wide area of Fine art and antiques for a feast of both your eyes and spirit.


http://stores.ebay.com/Candlewood-Yankee-Fine-Arts/_i.html?rt=nc&_dmd=2&_sid=645563163&_sticky=1&_trksid=p4634.c0.m14&_sop=3&_sc=1

James Stow & Anthony Yau
Candlewood Yankee Fine Arts

 

 

Collecting “Old Masters Original Prints ” For the Beginner and Veteran Collectors

Collecting “Old Masters Original Prints ” For the Beginner and Veteran Collectors

 

 

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Yes there is still great opportunity of Collecting “Old Masters Original Prints ” for the Beginner and Veteran Collectors. As a veteran Collector-dealer there are some very good values in this field of collecting . I have seen great opportunity in this area of collecting for the past 45 years .
 
  First lets briefly explain what Old Masters Original prints are ….is a term for a European artist – print maker , etcher- engraver of skill
who worked before about 1800, or a painting by such an artist.

  In theory an Old Master Artist who was fully trained, was a Master of his local Artist Guild , and worked independently, but in practice
paintings considered to be produced by pupils or workshops will be included in the scope of the term. Therefore, beyond a certain level of
competence, date rather than quality is the criterion for using the term. Many artist employed students in there studio , were trained ,
mixing paints , preparing Canvas, and every development of the art side by side with the Old Master Painter . This practice of the artist as a
apprentice dates back for centuries .
 
   Durer , Rembrandt , Callot , Raphael and and Others were responsible for out standing artists like Van Ostade , Bega ,Zeeman , Goltious and
others . Fortunately for the average collector there are some great values of the “Second Level of Old Masters Prints ” . Many are very fine
 works and well respected by the Museums and Historians BUT undervalued by most of the Art Market today .

 Despite the supply is becoming more rare to find …they are on the market , often described “artist unknown ” Unsigned and other reasons and often stated ” School Of ” or “manner of “Today , you can still obtain quality later impressions of Rembrandt ,
Durer , Callots , and others along with fine early impressions of the later 18 Century members of others of the Old Masters . many were
reprinted from the Original Copper Plates by very accomplished Publishers Watelet , The Bason’s Editions and others.

  Hammerton and others , In the 19 Century several were republished in editions of fine Portfolios of Original prints including Etching and
Etchers ( included rembrandt Three Oriental Figures , Callot ” Vue de Paris ” and Waterloo’s ” Traveler by a stream” to mention a few .

 The expression ” OLD MASTERS COLLECTORS ” still instill the image of a Wealthy older collector ” No Longer , many Collectors are finding these works of everlasting value , appreciation and a great investment , in uncertain times as we are living in .

Take a look at ;

http://stores.ebay.com/Candlewood-Yankee-Fine-Arts/Prints-/_i.html?_nkw=goya&submit=Search&_fsub=628349013&_sid=645563163
James Stow & Anthony YauCandlewood Yankee Fine Arts

James Stow & Anthony Yau
Candlewood Yankee Fine Arts

Purchasing Rembrandt Christ Crucified Between two Thieves Original Etching

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   As I mentioned in my previous Blogs , Buying Old -Modern masters Works on line is NOT for some one not prepared with his or here’s own research . Case in Point .

As the collector OR possible recipients of the sale , lets start with the established data on the work , .

All Major Works in Print making by a nearly all print maker are found in the THE Catalog Raisonné ( cataloged collection of the artists works , with data like the measures , medium used etching , dry point , mezzo tint and so forth .The information referring to editions , publishers , states and copies are mentioned in the case of Rembrandt’s Etchings.

A good start is obtaining the data from ;

Biörklund, George, Rembrandt’s Etchings: True and False, 1968.

Listed and illustrated as catalog raisonné no. BB 41-2. and in two states .

This and Bartsch. The Illustrated Bartsch , and Hind, Arthur. A Catalogue of Rembrandt’s Etchings , are thee toold many museums and galleries will refer to with the documentation .

In this case , The two states as as described as ;

Etched by the Master in 1641, Biörklund tell us there are TWO States of the impression . White & Boon State II (of II); Hind State II (of II).

The First State ;

Left arm of the cross has a square end which touches the oval border ,There are NO Diagonal lines…in the shaded area on the Cross between Christ Head and the scroll. According to many Scholars including Nowell-Usticke this work is an uncommon print with approximately 125-225 known impressions .
Impression of this state can be found in The British Museum and one can be found at the well respected Masterworks in Oakland Hills California .

The Second State ;

The end of the arm is rounded and does NOT touch the border , Dark Shadows much strengthened with close shading and diagonal lines added to cross .

Either Catalogs mentions the earlier publisher of the works. Is the second State of the work a Revision Of the Work by Rembrandt OR a alteration added by the printer-publisher ? In most cases as more well printed plates of Rembrandt’s works were printed and shown signs of wear to the copper , a printer-publisher WILL re etch the work to attempt to bring back a better quality impression .

Once you have The work is a etched work ( after checking the Measurements of the plate .generally to keep in mind there are some excellent etched work AFTER Rembrandt . These were some time etched by the Students of Rembrandt to learn the craft . (others like the Durand’s will be slightly smaller than the original in the Plate Marks .

In this case , the work is listed as only listed as a early publication , Most agree BEFORE any of Bason’s editions of the 1750’s or later . This work was never published by them since they did nit have the procession of the plate .

There is a known edition of this impression , published in 200 etchings in 1816. Location of this copper plate is not recorded and have either been lost or destroyed.

Two Etched Copies are known ;

The first etched in the Same direction slightly incorrect size

The Second is etched in REVERSE direction by Novelli

Let travel On

OK now you have decided if the work is a etched work executed by Rembrandt , let see what to expect to pay for such a wonderful work .

Lets start now with my favorite approach , “Google ” Rembrandt Christ Crucified Between Two Thieves ” . I than like to click on “shopping” and lets see what is available . YES Price comparing . Do keep in mind many Print dealers will not post prices ( you will see P O R ) ; Price on request .

“Rembrandt Christ Crucified Between Two Thieves ” listed by one Internet dealer at $ 8, 950.00
The first state .

“Rembrandt Christ Crucified Between Two Thieves ” listed by one Internet dealer at $ 12, 000.00
The first state .

The remaining one are Second State

“Rembrandt Christ Crucified Between Two Thieves ” listed by one Internet dealer at $ 2,000.00

There is one that is posted as ORIGINAL but is NOT

image the same BUT the plate mark is square and the original work is a oval plate mark

The seller is asking ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… $ 2,500.00

OK Now let see what this is selling at in the Auction World where any one can purchase .

One of my best best site ( by Internet subscription and if you choose to use this often) is well worth the yearly fee ;Gordon Print Prices and Most Public Libraries will have the printed issues of this at a good public Library in the Fine Arts section . I also recommend “Christies Lot Finders ” and going to the “Sold search ” Live Auctioneers ” also can be of help BUT more Limited to what was sold at there own auction site and NOT a real reflection of the Art Market . Do keep in mind the date of the sale , economy , auction location and if they are in fact “FINE ART AUCTIONS ” and with a well established reputation of selling fine Art .

Here is a sample and range of the inter national prices from all International Auction Houses for both the early states and second states .

REMBRANDT Christ crucified between the two Thieves 12/03/96 2,269 Sold B79;H79;HD173;BB41-2 129
REMBRANDT Christ Crucified between the Two Thieves:An Oval Plat 05/03/07 8,400 Sold B79;BB41-2;H79I/II 75
REMBRANDT Christ Crucified between the Two Thieves:An oval plate 04/25/12 5,000 Buy In B79;BB41-2;H79II/II 104
REMBRANDT Christ Crucified between the Two Thieves:An Oval Plate 06/18/09 1,440 Sold B79;BB41-2;H79 35
REMBRANDT Christ Crucified between the Two Thieves:An Oval Plate 10/31/08 1,200 Sold B79;BB41-2;H79 163
REMBRANDT Christ Crucified between the Two Thieves:An Oval Plate 05/01/08 5,040 Sold B79;BB41-2;H79II/II 229
REMBRANDT Christ Crucified between the Two Thieves:An Oval Plate 05/01/08 2,400 Sold B79;BB41-2;H79II/II 231
REMBRANDT Christ crucified between the two thieves:an oval plate 03/26/07 1,890 Sold B79 10
REMBRANDT Christ crucified between the two Thieves:An oval Plate 12/05/06 26,063 Sold B79;HD173 200
REMBRANDT Christ Crucified between the Two Thieves:An Oval Plate 05/04/06 2,070 Sold B79;BB41-2;H79II/II 172
REMBRANDT Christ Crucified between the Two thieves:An Oval Plate 11/03/05 11,500 Sold B79;BB41-2II/II;H79II/II 67
REMBRANDT Christ Crucified between the Two Thieves:An Oval Plate 05/05/05 5,520 Sold B79;BB41-2;H79II/II 63
REMBRANDT Christ Crucified between the Two Thieves:An Oval Plate 11/06/03 7,000 Buy In B79;BB41-2I/II;H79 71
REMBRANDT Christ Crucified between the Two Thieves:An Oval Plate 05/01/03 7,475 Sold B79;BB41-2I/II;H79 18
REMBRANDT Christ crucified between the two Thieves:an oval Plate 11/07/02 1,725 Sold B79;BB41-2II;H79II 334
REMBRANDT Christ crucified between the two Thieves:an oval Plate 07/01/02 1,438 Sold B79 36
REMBRANDT Christ crucified between the two Thieves:an oval Plate 05/02/02 6,210 Sold B79;H79I/II 270
REMBRANDT Christ crucified between the two Thieves:an oval Plate 11/09/00 2,070 Sold B79;BB41;H79 205
REMBRANDT Christ crucified between the two Thieves:an oval Plate 11/09/00 10,925 Sold B79;BB41;H79 211
REMBRANDT Christ crucified between the two Thieves:an oval Plate 05/24/00 963 Sold B79;H79II;S79III 139
REMBRANDT Christ crucified between the two Thieves:an oval Plate 11/25/99 392 Sold B79 4161
REMBRANDT Christ crucified between the two Thieves:an oval Plate 11/11/99 1,495 Sold B79;BB41-2;H79 127A
REMBRANDT Christ crucified between the two Thieves:an oval Plate 05/27/99 1,334 Buy In B79;H79 87
REMBRANDT Christ crucified between the two Thieves:an oval Plate 05/03/99 3,450 Sold B79;H79;HD173;BB41-2 29
REMBRANDT Christ crucified between the two Thieves:an oval Plate 04/16/99 6,450 Buy In B79;S79II;H79;NU79II 191

Now that you are completely either enlightened OR Confused . There are many factors to consider with the prices . At Auction the sale price DO NOT included taxes , buyers premium ( usually 15 – 20 percent depending on the terms at that auction house ) or shipping and keep in mind in the disclaimers …ALL SALE FINAL and SOLD AS IS .

Checking the prices on other on the ” E Bay Sites ” , often these will be both at Whole Sale and inflated Retail-Gallery Prices . Not all sellers there or any where else are professionals . I personally know many good Print Dealers selling on All the E Bay Sites Internationally and do offer some good opportunities to find and acquire some very Fine Old Masters . I have also found such treasures in local Consignment Shops , Estate Sales , flee market and other unusual places .

For many these works are not catch any one attentions UNLESS you know what they are .” There are those that refers to these as Pictures or Book pages ” with no knowledge these being Original Prints by some of the most cherished and collectors works of Master Works on paper

Like any sport ,” The Thrill of the Hunt is as important as finding the Catch “

Now you have decided if what your budget allows you to spend and what state you MUST have , the opportunities are offers a great adventure and opportunity to understand the complexities and challenges that collecting OLD Masters Prints and the passion that i my self have personally love and been inspired with for the past 45 years .

                                            James Stow & Anthony Yau

                                         Candlewood-Yankee Fine Arts

Buying Fine Art – Original Old – Modern Masters Prints on the Inter Net

 

 

 

 

 

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 Buying Fine Art – Original  Old – Modern Masters Prints  on the Inter Net

Great article ;

I was mentioned in this great article at the New York Times ;

Enjoy the feature .

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/09/03/arts/design/growth-in-online-art-market-brings-more-fraud.html?emc=eta1

Understanding- & Appreciating Rembrandt’s Etchings

Understanding- & Appreciating Rembrandt’s Etchings
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Mae West once said , “Come up and see my etchings some time ” , The variations of Original Rembrandt Etchings has been misunderstood and abused since the days of his own Life time . In the field of fine Prints , there are , The etching conceived , etch and printed from the same plate …both printed by Rembrandt and various printers with possession of the Copper plates are in fact Originals works and should be treated as such .
 
 
See the link ;
 
fineartadvocacy.com
 
 
This is excellent Start to better understand the history and appreciation of Rembrandt’s Etched work .
These plates ( depending on that particular image , has been printed from over the past three Centuries , some lost and others were printed from as late as 1998 and the Millennium Impressions ..which are only a ghost of the image of what the Artist intended .
 
 
  Many works were in fact etched after Rembrandt by his Students and studios workers and later devoted student influenced by his work.
 
In the 19 century  a great body of works were etched in the same size with a slight larger plate mark size by Armand Durand . In his day Many Museums were delighted to purchase these works , since many of the Life Time impressions of Rembrandt was already worn out and the re creations were truly works of art  AFTER  the master own etched works.  These has value BUT not as ORIGINAL REMBRANDTS WORK  but ORIGINAL ETCHING  after Rembrandt.
 
Beware many sellers are selling these as the Etchings etched by Rembrandt .
 
Armand Durands works are well explained in a excellent way at ;
 
kickarseart dot com
 
 
The Armand’s Durands work are often passed off as Originals in Internet Auctions , including many on line so called Auctions and E -Bay Sites and  still others so many others are in fact NOT by Rembrandt but either Helli gravures ( reproduction ) Original etchings etched by Durand or by a student copyist .
Now with such wonderful websites , Collectors should take the step to research before purchasing ANY Etching of Rembrandt . After when documented by a follower , student or Durand still has some value …How Ever a etching conceived , etched and printed from the original copper plate has much more value .
 
 
YOU need to know exactly what you are looking at and appreciate each for what the work truly is …. Some of his works etched after the Master are indeed quite beautifully , many have historical importance . Keep in mind the value and quality are TWO different factors .
 
If a Original Rembrandt is NOT in your means , Enjoy a Good re creation by a student or by Durand .
 
Often these are finer impressions that the Horrid Impressions from the last Edition . How sad the last edition on the market are very poor quality and most often over priced .
Best way to see what is offered at various prices , feel free to visit ;
 
 
 
James Stow & Anthony Yau
Candlewood Yankee Fine Arts

The Original Copper Etching Plates of Rembrandt’s

   

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During the artist’s life time 1606-1669 and after his death the original copper plates for the Masters etchings  were sold and resold , to various dealers , some were lost or destroyed .
 
Many good later impressions of  Several were printed with good results by the Bason’s , Hammerton , Watelet , Lewis and others as late as the Early 19 century. Every Artist and plate has it own history of the publications from the plates and Blocks . Several of Rembrandt’s plates were lost or destroyed in Rembrandt’s life time , others were not printed from in any sizable quality .each work has a separate set of guidelines that you need to follow ,  Keep in mind Old Masters etching plates , has a vast history depending on each copper plate in Rembrandt and other Old Masters Works .
 
The first period of the plates in 1679 when Rembrandt’s house and most of his possessions were sold at auction to pay his creditor ,Rembrandt pawned his copper plates or gave them to friends to avoid the sale of his treasures by the bankruptcy court. It is documented that the majority of Rembrandt’s copper plates, including the eight plates forming the Millennium Impressions, were owned by Clement de Jonghe after Rembrandt’s death in 1669. Clement de Jonghe, who was a print dealer and friend of Rembrandt’s, recorded the first inventory of Rembrandt’s copper plates in 1679. It is even possible that Clement de Jonghe acquired the 74 plates referenced in his estate inventory while Rembrandt was alive.
 
Some Time between 1679 through 1767 , Rembrandt’s copper etching plates were obtained by Pieter de Haan of Amsterdam.   In a   rare catalog of the Pieter de Haan sale, which list 76 of Rembrandt’s copper etching plates  76 copper plates at the Rijksprentenkabinet in Amsterdam. These impressions are found among some of the best printed and very close to the quality of some of the ” Life Time Impressions “  These are  NOT any longer printed from ….
 
 
 
From the sale The records  of the estate of Pieter de Haan in 1767 indicate that about 53 of the copper etching plates were sold to Pierre Fouquet, who probably purchased them on a commission basis because they were subsequently sold to Claude Henri Watelet (1718-1786) in 1767, a French engraver, writer, art critic and art collector from Paris who greatly admired Rembrandt.
 
Again these copper plates l plates  remained in the collection of Claude Henri Watelet. In 1786, the over 78 of Rembrandt’s copper etching plates owned by Watelet were sold at  the sale of Watelet’s estate. In 1786, after Watelet’s death, These works are generally very good strong impressions , Keeping in mind when some prints were not printed as often as others .
 
 
 
  F Y I  , Up to this time regular editions were NOT published BUT impressions were printed on demand , by some one asking the Publisher to for a paticular impression .
 
 
 
Pierre Francois Basan (1723-1797) purchased the entirety of Watelet’s collection en bloc. It is likely that Watelet actually owned 83 of Rembrandt’s copper plates because Basan published a recueil of Rembrandt etchings from 83 Rembrandt copper plates between 1789 and 1797.
 
 
 
At the time of Basan’s death in 1797, Rembrandt’s copper etching plates were inherited by his son, Henri Louis Basan, who published a limited second recueil. Henri Louis Basan subsequently sold the copper etching plates en bloc to August Jean between approximately 1805 and 1810. The size of these editions were small since few have been seen on the market .
 
 
 
Impressions printed by Basan and his son in the late Eighteenth Century and early Nineteenth Century are commonly referred to as “Basan impressions.” These are more often found on the market today and still are acceptable quality impressions and priced fairly .
 
 
 
Some time in 1816 six of Copper plates  were in fact  printed from by Mc Creery  ( Collection of  200 Original Etchings  ) published around 1816-26 ,   Hammerton Published one in ” Etching and Etchers ” (  Three Oriental Figures) with good results . Philip J.  Hammerton saw that this and others Old Masters Plates were printed will good quality impression , unusual for the time of the printing .
 
 
 
A few were also published by lesser remembered Publishers like August & Michael Bernard between 1846 and 1906 when the were sold to Humber . and several plates were either lost or destroyed.
 
” Keep in mind many copper plates were melted down and reused. Copper were a expensive metal and often re used “
Between 1805 and 1810, August Jean purchased Rembrandt’s copper etching plates from Henri Louis Basan, and issued a small edition of some of Rembrandt’s etchings. At the time of August Jean’s death, his widow, Veuve Jean, inherited Rembrandt’s copper plates, and sold them to Auguste Bernard in Paris in around 1846.
 
Generally these are much less quality as the plates were wearing out and the etched lines are faint and most dry point ( not re engraved ) are gone .
 
 
 
Among the last  and not final owner ship 1846 until 1906, Rembrandt’s copper etching plates remained in the collection of Auguste Bernard and his son, Michael Bernard. In 1906, Michael Bernard sold Rembrandt’s copper plates en bloc to Alvin Beaumont, who then published a series of Rembrandt etchings. These impressions are commonly referred to as “Beaumont impressions.” Some people refer to Beaumont’s publication of Rembrandt’s etchings as the “modern recueil.”
 
 
 
 At this point most of the Impressions are poor quality and more often found on the Market and even these quality impressions are starting to bring more money since the supply of any Genuine Rembrandt’s Etchings are very scarce ..Later impressions are for the most part poor quality , with a very exception of the stronger etched plates .
 
From approximate 1906 through  1916, Beaumont applied a layer of ink and varnish to protect Rembrandt’s 78 copper etching plates and placed them in green leather mounts with their titles in French in gold letters and set them in 10 large black frames.
 
Alvin Beaumont owned Rembrandt’s copper etching plates until 1938, when he sold all 78 of them to his friend Robert Lee Humber, an American then living in Paris. Before Rembrandt’s copper plates were placed in their individual leather mounts,
 
 
 
Andre-Charles Coppier examined each plate and published his study under the title Les Reliques de Rembrandt. In addition, in the 1920’s Rembrandt’s copper plates were on loan to the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam for seven years during which time Beaumont attempted to negotiate the sale of the plates to the Rijksmuseum. Beaumont also offered Rembrandt’s copper plates to the British Museum of Art, but he was unable to reach an agreement with either of these museums.
 
 
 
Robert Lee Humber returned to the United States to live in his native North Carolina, and the copper etching plates remained in his collection until approximately the early 1960′s. At that time, all 78 of the plates were loaned to the North Carolina Museum of Art in Raleigh, North Carolina. Rembrandt’s copper etching plates were stored at the North Carolina Museum of Art in Raleigh for over thirty years, from the early 1960′s until 1993.
 
At the time of Humber’s death in 1970, Humber’s heirs inherited Rembrandt’s copper etching plates. In 1993, Artemis International in London and R.M. Light, a noted Rembrandt expert and art dealer, were engaged to sell Rembrandt’s 78 copper plates in the Humber collection.
In 1993, Rembrandt’s copper etching plates were sold on the world wide auction , Several museums throughout the world and a select number of art dealers
 
 
 
Sadly greedy gallleries issued very poor quality impressions  under the . These eight Rembrandt’s eight copper etching plates from which the” Millennium Impressions” were printed and are flooding the market , since the acknowledge edition size are 2000 impressions( questionable ) and of poor quality , when examined against what the artist had in mind .
 
 
 
I suggest that the collector and student study each work of Rembrandt with a good catalog resume of his works , Among the best works are Catalog Resumes by Bartsch ,Hollstein , Biorklund , and my favorite ” Etchings True and False by O. H. Barnard & Biorklund . The Volumes of Hollstein and  O. H. Barnard & Biorklund are great works , there you will see the history of each Plate … Various states and which works were retouched ( re re engraved by engraver-publishers  publication .
 
 
 Visit our vast selections of Rembrandt etched Works by and after the Dutch Master  on paper at ;

http://stores.ebay.com/Candlewood-Yankee-Fine-Arts/_i.html?rt=nc&_nkw=rembrandt&_sid=645563163&_sticky=1&_trksid=p4634.c0.m14&_sop=3&_sc=1

James Stow & Anthony Yau
Candlewood Yankee Fine Arts